Carbon dating the shroud
The image of the man on the Shroud can be read by 3D imaging technology. In addition, medieval paintings show the nails in the palm of Christ’s hands, the Shroud shows the nail wounds in his wrists which is anatomically correct.
The flesh of the palms would not have supported the weight of the man’s body. Pollen from the Shroud is not only from the Jerusalem area, but from Turkey and the other places the Shroud is supposed to have resided.
He then proceeded to produce a Shroud-like image on a piece of linen using his theoretical process.
However, the imaging expert Barrie Schwortz, not himself a Christian, has challenged Allen’s work, which he says only accounts for some of the Shroud’s properties.
Not only can scientists and historians not reproduce the image using medieval technologies, they can’t reproduce it with modern technology.
Italian scientist Paolo Di Lazzaro tried for five years to replicate the image and concluded that it was produced by ultraviolet light, but the ultraviolet light necessary to reproduce the image “exceeds the maximum power released by all ultraviolet light sources available today.” The time for such a burst “would be shorter than one forty-billionth of a second, and the intensity of the ultra violet light would have to be around several billion watts.” 2) The 3D capabilities of the image. The wounds of the crucified man are all consistent not only with Roman crucifixion, but the details of Jesus’ particular crucifixion – the scourging, the crown of thorns, no broken bones, and the wound in the side.
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The flow of the blood accurately reflects crucifixion and subsequent burial.
Dust from the area of the image by the knees and feet is from the area around Jerusalem. The Shroud details are perfectly consistent with first-century Jewish burial customs.
There are even microscopic traces of the flowers that would have been used in the burial-flowers that grew locally and were known to be used for burial.
The most recent critique argues that the samples used for the 1987 test were taken from an edge of the Shroud that was not simply patched in the middle ages, but patched with a difficult-to-detect interweaving.
The Carbon-14 tests (it is argued) were therefore compromised.